Comparative law is the study of different legal systems of more than one system. More to the point, it is a method of comparing legal structures, and that comparison yields results relating to the varied legal cultures being evaluated. The method plays a role in understanding foreign legal systems. In the era of globalization and complexity of international rules, comparative law plays a role in harmonization and unification of international laws, thereby resulting to better international cooperation.
The origin of comparative law dates back to the 18th century, although legal scholars practiced comparative methodologies prior to that. Montesquieu is praised as an early founder of comparative legal system.
Sir Henry Maine is the founder of the modern comparative law. Sir Henry Maine is a great legal historian and a jurist. In his works, he sets out his views on the development of legal systems in primitive communities and engage in discussions of Western and Eastern legal traditions.
Comparative law is a discipline that entails the analysis of legal systems, including how they differ, their constitutive elements, and how they combine into one system. Numerous branches of comparative law have developed separately, these are:
Comparative constitutional lawComparative civil lawComparative commercial lawComparative administrative lawThe purposes of comparative law are:
- Comparative constitutional law
- Comparative civil law
- Comparative commercial law
- Comparative administrative law
To streamline legal system in effectAttain deeper knowledge of existing legal systemsTo contribute to unification of legal systemsAbout Sujit Choudhry
- To streamline legal system in effect
- Attain deeper knowledge of existing legal systems
- To contribute to unification of legal systems
Sujit Choudhry, is an internationally recognized authority who combines a wide-range of agenda and research in constitutional comparative law. With in-depth experience in constitution building processes in Jordan, Nepal, Egypt, Tunisia, Ukraine, Sri Lanka, and South Africa, Sujit Choudhry has gained unmatched recognition.
Professor Choudhry’s works address a wide variety of issues in constitutional law, entailing constitutional design as a platform of managing the transition from conflict to democratic politics. Professor Sujit Choudhry also focus on federalism, semi-presidentialism and constitutional courts.
It partners with universities, multilateral organizations, NGOs, and think tanks.